Dr. Khan will perform an oral exam as a routine part of the consultation. If any oral pathologies are found, Dr. Khan will recommend treatment options which will help with the issues. Oral pathologies are defined as any alteration to the to the color or texture of the mucosa and interior of the mouth. The most serious of the pathologic changes is oral cancer. However, there are many other common pathologic problems which can be diagnosed.

Geographic Tongue

IAlso known as benign migratory glossitis or erythema migrans is a condition where the tongue has absent papillae, or the bumps on the tongue, in different areas. Due to the absence of some of these papillae, the tongue can look similar to a map. Red patches may come and go, ranging from hours to months at a time. Geographic tongues may cause increased sensitivity to certain substances.

Hairy Tongue

Growth of bacteria or infection in the mouth which can cause the tongue to appear hairy and black. This condition is usually a result of poor oral hygiene, chronic use of antibiotics or radiation treatments to the head or neck. It is also seen in patients who are HIV positive and those who are intravenous drug users. Hairy tongue may not require any treatment.

Median Palatal Cyst

These cysts are of developmental origin and are basically fluid filled sacs, which usually appear in the middle of the palate and may cause substantial discomfort.

The vast majority of pathological changes are uncomfortable and disfiguring, but they are not life threatening. Treatment options for oral pathologies may include:

  • -Antibiotics: battle infection and may return mucosa to natural state
  • -Diluted hydrogen peroxide: kills more bacteria than regular mouthwash and improves halitosis (bad breath)
  • -Oral surgery: if the patient has cysts or abnormal growths, Dr. Khan may decide it best to remove them in order to alleviate pain and improve comfort

During a consultation, Dr. Khan will thoroughly inspect soft tissue, palate and mouth, taking note of any serious changes in mucosa and landscape. If anything is found, Dr. Khan will recommend treatment options to get back to optimal oral health.